Founded in 6 March 1902 as Madrid Football Club, the club has traditionally worn a white home kit since inception. The word Real is Spanish for Royal and was bestowed to the club by King Alfonso XIII in 1920 together with the royal crown in the emblem. Unlike most European sporting entities, Real Madrid's members (socios) have owned and operated the club throughout its history.
Real Madrid is mostly known for its professional football team, that has played its home matches in the 81,044-capacity Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in downtown Madrid since 1947. Apart from football, the club has also a basketball section that participates in the Liga ACB, the top division of the Spanish basketball league system. Throughout its history, Real Madrid had rugby union, handball and volleyball teams competing in the main leagues of Spain.